Depression Can Be Treated

While mental health conditions such as depression are common, they are treatable and individuals can go on to recover and lead full and productive lives.

Symptoms of Clinical Depression

  • Persistent sad, anxious or “empty” mood
  • Sleeping too much or too little, middle of the night or early morning waking
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss, or increased appetite and weight gain
  • Restlessness, irritability
  • Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as chronic pain or digestive disorders
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Feeling guilty, hopeless or worthless
  • Thoughts of suicide or death

If you have five or more of these symptoms for two weeks, you could have clinical depression and should see your doctor or qualified mental health professional for help.

Causes of Clinical Depression

  • Biological – Too little or too much of certain brain chemicals called “neurotransmitters.”
  • Cognitive – Negative thinking patterns and low self-esteem
  • Gender – Women experience clinical depression at a rate that is nearly twice that of men. Reasons are still unclear, but may include hormonal changes or stress caused by multiple responsibilities that women have
  • Co-occurrence – More likely to occur along with certain illnesses such as heart disease, cancer, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease and hormonal disorders
  • Medications – Side effects of some medications can bring about depression
  • Genetic – A family history of clinical depression increases the risk for developing the illness
  • Situational – Difficult life events, including divorce, financial problems, or the death of a loved one

Treatment of Clinical Depression

  • Psychotherapy – Verbal or “talking” therapy with a licensed counselor or psychologist to express feelings, increase insight, develop a positive perspective, and establish healthy coping skills
  • Medication – Antidepressant medication prescribed by a psychiatrist or other physician
  • Combination of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication
  • Choice of treatment depends on the pattern, severity, persistence of depressive symptoms and the history of illness.

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CenterPointe Hospital • 4801 Weldon Spring Parkway • St. Charles, MO 63304
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